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Child Counseling


Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopment disorder that involves repetitive and restricted patterns of behaviour as well as difficulties with social communication and interaction. The term “spectrum” refers to the fact that children and adolescents with ASD present with a wide array of symptoms, skills, and levels of disability in functioning. At Royal York Psychology we provide evidence-based assessments for ASD in school-aged children and adolescents. Our assessments include The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition (ADOS-2), which is considered the gold standard assessment measure, in addition to a semi-structured standardized interview, questionnaire data, and language testing.

ASD can include the following challenges:

  • Difficulties coping with transitions and/or changes in routine

  • Echoed, scripted, and/or repetitive language

  • Intense and unusual interests

  • Over- or under-sensitivity to sensory input (e.g., textures, noises, smells)

  • Repetitive movements (e.g., spinning, rocking)

  • Poor eye contact

  • Social skills difficulties

  • Difficulties understanding and/or expressing emotions

Autism Assessment Toronto

At Royal York Psychology, ASD assessments include the following components:

Clinical Interview:

A 90-minute meeting with parents using a semi-structured, standardized parent interview, in addition to gathering relevant medical, academic, and emotional information.  The completion of questionnaire data. 


Approximately 1.5 hours of testing using The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition (ADOS-2). Language testing may also be conducted. 


A 90-minute meeting with parents to review assessment findings. A diagnosis may be communicated at this time.


After feedback, parents are provided with a comprehensive report that can be shared with their school.

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